Legal definition - The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 defines “sex trafficking” as the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for a commercial sex act.The TVPA of 2000 goes on to define “severe forms of trafficking in persons” in the following two-tiered definition:
a) Sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, attained 18 years of age; or,
b) The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion, for the purposes of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.
Seventy-seven percent of victims in alleged human trafficking incidents reported in the U.S. were people of color, according to a Bureau of Justice Statistics Report.
The FBI claims an even more surprising statistic for arrests under the age of 18, black children make up 55 % of all prostitution-related arrests in the U.S.
In a recent report by the Office of Victims of Crime, of the confirmed sex trafficking victims, 40.4 percent of victims were African-American.
In a recent Urban Institute study that looked at the economics of human trafficking, of the traffickers interviewed, the majority overwhelmingly believed that trafficking white women would make them more money but trafficking black women would land them less jail time if caught.
We cannot help improve the self-esteem of Black girls if we're not positively addressing their racial identity. Instilling a positive racial identity in black girls is more than telling them they're pretty
-Rev. Dr. Irie L. Session, Strong Racial Identity.
A new study led by Sheretta Butler-Barnes, an assistant professor of social work at Washington University in St. Louis, found that racial identity and positive perceptions of school climate were associated with greater academic motivation. Researchers learned racial identity acted as a protective factor in hostile or negative school climates.